Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Munger
Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bhagalpur


Munger

 

Major farming systems/enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

S. No

Farming system/enterprise

1

Rabi : Wheat, maize, gram, lentil,linseed, pea, mustard, pointed gourd, bottle gourd, bitter gourd, brinjal, potato, dhania,            Ajwayan, Tomato, Cabbage & Sugarcane.

2

Kharif :              Paddy, Maize, Red gram, millets.

3

Zaid     : Mungbean,  cucumber & different types of melons, sugarcane & mentha

4

Horticultural Crop : Mango, Bael, Guava, Jamun, Jackfruits & Anola etc.

*Source – District Agriculture Department & ATMA, Munger

 

            Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and

            topography)    

S. No

Agro-climatic Zone

Characteristics

1

IIIA

Sandy loam, clay loam & loamy soil pH = 6.5 to 8, organic carbon = 0.5 to 1% Available N:P:K (Kg/ha) = 200-400 N : 10 – 100 P : 150 – 300 K

Average max. Temperature – 370 8C

Average low. Temperature – 80 8C

 

Average Relative humidity = 52%

Average rain fall-1120mm, crop intensity 182.27%

 

 Agro ecological situation

 

S. No

Agro ecological situation

Characteristics

1

Diara

Shallow tubewells have been dug & plastic casing or bamboo casing is used to lift ground water for irrigation. Flood prone area consists of  sandy loam and sandy soil( eritisols ) having fertile soil for rabi crops. It is gangetaic plain area.

2

Tal

Tal soil (Vertisols) C- content good, Low content in P & K, PH – 6.7 to 7.3. Tal land remains  fully submerge by water in kharif and only rabi crops have been cultivated as mono cropping system. Tal soil has high water holding capacity in micro pore space of clay black soil. It is suitbale for pulse crops.

3

Hilly Plain

Hillly plain red soil (Oxisoil), like Chhota Nagpur soil. pH 5.5 to 7.3 & oxisol has high infiltration rate of water and less water holding capacity, crops which require less water are cultivated in this hilly plain area. Most crops are grown in rainfed situation.

4

Hilly

Sloppy land (slope >1.5%) is found in hilly area in which paddy and other perennial fruit/forest crop are cultivated by deforming land with bench, bund and terracing method. Watershed management programmes  have been conducted by Government & NGOs.

Soil type

S. No

Soil type

Characteristics

Area in ha

1

Sandy loam

Diara land (Entisols) poor in C content, N & P low, highly alkaline, PH – 6.9 to 7.7

 

2

Clay & clay loam

Tal soil (Vertisols) C- content good, Low content in P & K, PH – 6.7 to 7.3

 

3

Loamy Soil

Hillly plain (Oxisols) soil, High infiltration rate, like Chhota Nagpur soil. pH 5.5 to 7.3

 

 

Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

 

S. No

Crop

Area (ha)

Production (q)

Productivity (q/ha)

1

Paddy

35208

915408

26

2.

Wheat

22300

490600

22

3.

Rabi Maize

5780

161840

28

 

Kharif Maize

6250

112500

18

4.

Gram

7260

94380

13

5.

Lentil

9230

101530

11

6.

Pea

2520

30240

12

7.

Rai/Mustard

2910

32010

11

8.

Tisi (Line Seed)

180

1620

9

9.

Sunflower

90

720

8

10.

Summer Paddy

0

0

0

11.

Summer Maize

140

3220

23

12.

Summer moong (Moong bean)

190

2090

11

13.

Til

8

72

9

14.

Babycorn

2

10

5

15.

Red Gram

1810

21720

12

16.

Fruit

3332

0

 

 

i. Banana

45

18450

410

 

ii. Citrus

455

46410

102

 

iii. Guava

285

25650

90

 

iv. Litchi

55

4400

80

 

v. Mango

2430

182250

75

 

vi. Papaya

20

10600

530

 

vii. Ber

22

1276

58

 

viii. Aonla

20

240

12

17

Vegetables

3785

0

 

 

i. Brinjal

250

43750

175

 

ii. Cabbage

65

14300

220

 

iii. Cauliflower

530

100700

190

 

iv. Okra

40

4080

102

 

v. Onion

250

35000

140

 

vi. Pea

750

75000

100

 

vii. Potato

320

67200

210

 

viii. Sweet Potato

110

33550

305

 

ix. Tomato

502

112950

225

 

x. Carrot

18

1620

90

 

xi. Radish

92

11040

120

 

xii. Cucumber

160

36000

225

 

xiii. Capsicum

8

320

40

 

xiv. Pointed Gourd

510

86700

170

 

xv. Watermelon

180

39960

222

18

Flower

22

396

18

19

Mushroom

7500

6000kg

0.8 kg mushroom per kg straw

20

Aromatic Plants

85

8075 lit

95 litre/ ha (mentha oil)

21

Medicinal Plant

272

14960

55

22

Spices

375

3750

10

 

Weather data

 

Month

Rainfall (mm)

Temperature 0 C

Relative Humidity (%)

Maximum

Minimum

April 2017

12

41

19

9-95

May 2017

10

43

22

20-92

June 2017

77.02

42

25

28-96

July 2017

353.0

37

26

52-98

August 2017

197.9

36

25

57-100

September 2017

124.1

36

26

58-96

October 2017

165.6

35

20

41-100

November 2017

117

33

11

31-96

December 2017

0

29

10

30-100

January 2018

0

25

5

41-100

February 2018

10

32

11

29-100

March 2018

8

38

15

19-91

 

 

Production and productivity of livestock, poultry, fisheries etc. in the district

 

Category

Population

Production

Productivity

Cattle

Crossbred

55100

771400 lit

14 Litre /day

Indigenous

87412

131118 lit

1.5 Litre /day

Buffalo

61200

581400 lit

9.5 Litre / day

Draft Animal

5850

34222500

5850

Sheep

8910

49005  Kg

5.5 kg wool/sheep

Goat 1

19100

133700 kg

7 kg/goat meat

Pigs

7820

78200 kg

10 kg/pig

Poultry

Hens/Broiler

136300

163560

kg meat + 50332 eggs

1.200 kg/month/Hen/Broiler

& average 8 eggs/ layer/ month

Duck

1590

1749 kg

1.10 kg/month

Fish

15ha

375 quintal

25 quintal/ha.

 

Details of Mechanization status (2017-18)

 

Sl. No.

Name of implement

No. of farm implements/machinery

1

Tractor

1310

2

Power tiller

501

3

Pumping sets( Diesel engine + centrifugal pump)

1915

4

Irrigation pipes (PVC)

32400(m)

5

State tube well

22

6

Zero till seed cum fertilizer drill

140

7

Rotavator

230

8

Power thrasher

2008

9

Sprinkler set

315

10

Chaff cutter

610

11

Combine harvester

20

12

Reaper

85

13

Mould board plough

2320

14

Harrow

1830

15

Cultivator

1805

16

Leveler

76

17

Sprayer

7520

18

Weeder

15220

19

Dug well

920

20

Bamboo boring

120

21

Total Irrigated Area                 –     26657.35 ha.

  1. Canal = 19936 ha.
  2. Tube well = 412.5 ha.
  3. Pond – 258.9 ha
  4. Well -192 ha
  5. Other source = 5858.26 ha.

22.

Net sown area

 66668 ha

 

Details of operational area / villages (2017-18)

Sl.No.

Taluk

Name of the block

Name of the village

Major crops & enterprises

Major problem identified

Identified Thrust Areas

1

Munger

Dharhara

Bhalar

Paddy & wheat

Low productivity due to disease & pest occurrence high input cost, weed problem and poor water management

HYV, RCT & Irrigation water management

2

Munger

Haveli Khadagpur

Paharpur

Mango, cereal crops & vegetable cultivation

Low fertilizer use, low productivity, lackness of mechanization, poor water management & nursery management.

water management & fertilizer application methods .

3.

Munger

Jamalpur

Farda

Gram, lentil, Rai, wheat & Pointed gourd

Bad Irrigation practices & lack of processing  & mechanization

Processing, irrigation management, mechanization & crop production.

4.

Munger

Tetiabamber

Birajpur

Paddy,  vegetable & oilseed

Poor water management low productivity with high inputs & lack of adoption of improved variety.

HYV of cereal crops, value addition & irrigation management

Source : District Agriculture Office, Munger